Over many centuries, large cities got shaped along most active trade routes, with their economic prospects directly dependent on their capability to use transit points efficiently. In the heyday of shipping and navigation, nascent cities mushroomed on sea shores and along river banks. Then the invention of railway transport served as the next inflection point in the trend for development of cities as centres of concentration for goods participating in the economic turnover. A similar change in trends was observed later when maps started featuring large motorways.
In the times of globalisation, it is airports that have become the most important channels of the world trade. Air transport has made possible cultural and business exchanges, sped up and condensed cargo turnover to a matter of mere hours. The most successful metropolitan cities are currently developing towards their airports as essential centres of gravity.
The airport is no longer considered simply as a remote supporting facility for the city, it becomes a driver for economic development of the entire region, forming an altogether new, closely-networked economic nucleus - Aerotropolis - an urban form of a new type based on the harmonisation of build-up development within the radius of 20-30 kilometres around an airport.
The author of the Aerotropolis concept is John Kasarda, an American academician and professor, who acted as a consultant on the project for development of this aviation-driven urban development form in the Moscow Region, among other world-renowned projects.
Information from web-site http://aerotropolis.com
Aerotropolis is the ultimate embodiment of a modern trend to create business ecosystems on the basis of high passenger and cargo turnover. In the competitive market conditions, such an approach delivers significant upsides to companies working on its territory.
Aerotropolis play a significant role in the economic development of cities and even countries, producing a significant contribution to the economy, developing territories and creating tens of thousands of new jobs.